1. Name the four E’s and briefly describe each:
2. Describe the steps of what to do if someone falls:
- Evaluate for personal risk factors. Identify persons at increased risk.
- Ensure people have vision checked annually and keep glasses updated.
- Have a doctor or pharmacist routinely check all medications, including over the counter medications, for increased risk of falls.
Exercise – Exercise – Exercise:
- Promote healthy lifestyles including access to physical activity. Participation in a good balance or exercise program is key to fall prevention.
- Ensure home and community safety. Conduct onsite home safety checks and make necessary changes.
- Make fall prevention a priority. Educate yourself, support staff and people at risk as to its importance.
- Develop and implement individualized fall prevention plans for people at risk.
- Listen to what the person is telling you.
- Observe the position of the person’s body and look for signs of bleeding, broken bones, or breathing problems.
- Ask the individual what he or she is feeling.
- Call 911 for emergency help! If a person appears to be seriously hurt, is bleeding badly, or complains of sharp pain, call 911. Do not move them.
- Notify the person’s doctor and give them details of the fall - when, where and how the person fell.
- Document what happened – both the fall and follow-up. Keep a running log of falls to develop a history of falls. The documentation should be completed after every fall.